Coffee is a seasonal crop and seasons vary from country
to country, starting and finishing at different times throughout
the year. Any single 12- month period may encompass a
whole crop year in one country, but may include the end part of the
previous year's crop and the beginning of next year's crop in
another. Some coffee producing countries have a single harvest
season but others have two, usually known as early and main crop.
Harvest times are linked to flowering and flowering in turn is
linked to rainfall patterns.
The International Coffee Organization (ICO) groups
producing countries into three distinct "crop years" depending on
when coffee is harvested and becomes available:
The ICO then further translates coffee availability into
export patterns in individual countries on a quarterly basis within
the different crop years. This makes it easier both to
project supply and to adapt statistics generally to the formal
"coffee year" which runs from October 1 to September 30.
See Section 01.02.04 for the list of coffee producing countries
by crop year. See Section 01.05.04 for a breakdown of estimated
crop availability for export by quarter as a percentage of the
Posted 20 August 2005.