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  • QA 057
    Question:
    Where to find really detailed information on imports into different consumer markets?
    Background:
    Of course we have all necessary information on coffee exports from India but we do not have enough detailed information on imports of coffee by individual consuming countries. Where can we find such information? As an example: Where does Australia buy its green coffee? What are the quantities from different countries, what are the prices and how large a portion is from India?
    Asked by:
    Researcher - India
     
    Answer:

    There are many individual sources of information but it is not that easy to gain an overall view. However…

    The International Trade Centre (ITC-Geneva), also the operators ofwww.thecoffeeguide.org , provides a wide overview of the trade in many products in individual countries, including coffee, through 72 detailed Product Maps atwww.p-maps.org . To access this service you will first have to register through the website. The statistical data on this service are updated once a year - the site provides interesting information on what goes where and is a very useful tool for viewing trends.

    Taking your example of Australia and looking at the data for green coffee (Product code 090111) for the calendar year 2004 the portal offers the following information:

    1. Total 2004 imports into Australia were 42,977 tonnes or 716,283 bags. Of this 188 tonnes (3,133 bags) were decaffeinated. The average price was USD 1208 per tonne or about 54.80 cts/lb.

    2. Imports from India were 2,283 tonnes (38.050 bags) at an average price of USD 1,182 per tonne or about 54.60 cts/lb. Of this 22 tonnes (366 bags) were decaffeinated. Thus, India supplied about 5% of Australian 2004 imports, both in terms of weight and of value.

    3. Out of 25 countries the five largest suppliers were, in rounded figures:

    • Vietnam - 16,800 tonnes or 39% at USD 669/tonne;  
    • Papua New Guinea 8,600 tonnes or 20% at USD 1,416/tonne; 
    • Brazil - 6,000 tonnes or 14% at USD 1,405/tonne; 
    • India - 2,300 tonnes or 5% at USD 1,182/tonne; 
    • Colombia - 1,700 tonnes or 4% at USD 1,826/tonne;

    4. In volume terms India's share of 2004 green coffee imports was 2% higher than for 2000. Vietnam's share was 3% down and Papua New Guinea lost 8%. Brazil gained 7% whilst Colombia gained 9%.

    P-map data for roasted coffee imports, not decaffeinated (Product code 090121), show that Australia imported 3,461 tonnes in 2004 at an average price of USD 7,651/tonne. Of this Italy provided 2,343 tonnes at USD 8,270/tonne and Germany 536 tonnes at USD 6,736/tonne. Hardly any roasted coffee was imported from coffee producing countries and none from India. The two largest producer suppliers were Papua New Guinea with 25 tonnes at USD 6,960/tonne, and Vietnam with 21 tonnes at USD 4,762/tonne…

    The price comparison between green and roasted coffee imports into Australia is very interesting: 

    • Vietnam: green price USD 669/tonne - roasted USD 4,762;
    • Papua New Guinea: green price USD 1,416/tonne - roasted USD 6,960;
    • All green imports value USD 1,208/tonne - all roasted imports USD 7,651;

    The above is just a small indication of what can be found in just a few minutes by browsing through one of the 72 Product Maps on the site. We think you will find www.p-maps.org a very useful research tool!
     

    NB: Import values quoted in the P-maps are nearly always basis CIF - export values usually basis FOB.

    Posted 10 November 2005

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    QA 007