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  • 13.4.4-CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE COFFEE INDUSTRY-CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM PROJECTS

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  • Clean Development Mechanism projects

     
     
    Of course there are different options and avenues to follow to obtain the necessary information but to avoid Guide readers 'drowning' in resources we will highlight only one. This is the World Bank's Carbon Finance Unit website at http://go.worldbank.org/9IGUMTMED0 that offers a huge amount of detailed, practical information.

    The Carbon Unit provides information and tools in respect of the development and financing of CDM projects, it offers assistance with both capacity building and project preparation and it lists registered service providers. Project assistance includes preparation of the carbon documentation necessary to create a 'carbon asset' that will deliver marketable VER's (Verified Emission Reductions) or CER's (Certified Emission Reductions).

    Also available are a CDM Methodology Overview, a CDM Methodology Database and CDM Methodology Paper (reports on methodological issues, workshops etc.). These provide easily accessible information that helps to understand the CDM rules of procedures and basic concepts of approved methodologies for CDM projects. However, the information provided in this section does not eliminate the need always to consult the approved methodologies and the guidance provided by the CDM Executive Board, which is recorded on the official CDM website and can be accessed at http://cdm.unfccc.int/. Work is also ongoing on the development of a Validation and Verification Manual.

    CDM Projects are also listed at http://carboncatalog.org/projects/

    The UNFCC site lists a substantial number of CDM projects in developing countries but only one, the Coopeagri Forestry Project in Costa Rica, is located in a coffee growing area and lists coffee growers amongst the project's beneficiaries. *

    Project documentation is available at http://wbcarbonfinance.org/Router.cfm?Page=Projport&ProjID=9632

    Also of interest to coffee producers is the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility or FCPF at http://www.forestcarbonpartnership.org/fcp. This assists developing countries in their efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (called REDD) by providing value to standing forests.

    CIAT - the International Center for Tropical Agricultureis engaged in an ongoing Clean Development Mechanism land reclamation project in Colombia - the Caribbean Savannah Carbon Sink Project. The objective is to pilot the use of carbon sinks (through sylvo-pastoral and reforestation systems) as a tool to arrest the process of land degradation and to develop a project cycle map showing the road to marketable CER's. Whilst not directly linked to coffee, once the feasibility of the approach is proven the project is also expected to serve as a catalyst for future such initiatives elsewhere. The detailed project appraisal report is available at http://go.worldbank.org/9CQ0H62MA0 or visit http://www.ciat.cgiar.org.

    NB: To date the majority of CDM projects have gone to Asia and Latin America, in particular China, India and Brazil. As a result the Carbon Finance Assist facility was created to promote a more widespread flow of CDM projects by offering assistance with the identification and creation of CDM projects. Visit http://go.worldbank.org/T93VFJSRL0.

    Other websites offering relevant information on carbon and CDM matters are listed in topic box 13.04.07 of this chapter.

    * As of end 2009. It is generally accepted that for (most?) coffee growers the CDM route is too cumbersome and may be out of reach.