• Weights


    Most standard forms of contract stipulate that natural loss in weight exceeding a certain percentage is to be refunded by the sellers. This is known as the weight franchise. Coffee is hygroscopic, which means that it attracts or loses moisture depending on climatic conditions. It may therefore lose a little weight during storage and transport. To counter this weight loss, a number of exporters have traditionally packed a little more per bag than they invoice. This helps to ensure that arrival weights are as close to the agreed shipping weight as possible. Buyers know from experience what losses in weight to expect from most origins and take this into account when calculating the cost landed destination or roasting plant. However, shipping in bulk has greatly reduced weight losses and such a franchise is no longer necessary.

    Net shipped weights: the weights established at the time of shipment are final, subject of course to the stipulations of the underlying standard form of contract. Under an FCA contract the parties can also agree that the net delivered weight be final together with the procedures and conditions that shall apply.

    Net delivered weightsor net landed weights: the goods will be reweighed upon arrival and final payment will be made on the basis of the weights then established.

    If buyers are suspicious about the accuracy of the shipping weights they may require an independent weigher to supervise the weighing. Sellers may stipulate the same when selling basis net delivered weights or when weights are disputed and reweighing is ordered.

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