• Integrated farming systems

    Integrated farming systems are one such linked approach and might in the end perhaps be the most promising: minimize the use and negative effects of agro-chemicals. Basically this means that in all phases of production and processing one tries to minimize the impact on the environment. This approach does not exclude the use of agro-chemicals, but rather attempts to reduce their use to a minimum. Moreover, more attention is given to the reduction of energy consumption, packaging materials, and so on. Documentation and certification can be achieved within the framework of the ISO 14001 system, with the producer or processor documenting where and how in each step of the production and processing system they are reducing the environmental impact (see www.iso.org). See also section 12.05 of this Guide that deals with the ISO 9001 standard used by quite a few coffee estates and commercial coffee growers.
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