• China (including Hong Kong and Macao)


    China (population 1.354 billion) is a producer as well as a consumer.

    Detailed statistics on the internal consumption of coffee are not readily available but all the indicators suggest that it has grown very rapidly over the past ten years or so. Gross imports into China (including Hong Kong and Macau) in
    2009 reported by the ICO totalled 617,000 bags, although the true figure is probably much higher as not all the imports of coffee from neighbouring countries such as Viet Nam are always recorded. Of the gross import total, 34% comprised processed coffee. Exports and re-exports totalled 568,000 bags, (536,000 bags green, 26,000 bags soluble and 6,000 bags roasted). Internal production, primarily in the Yunnan Province, is thought to have been around 550,000 bags in 2009.  This suggests that consumption might be somewhere in the region around 600,000 bags in 2009. 

    Chinese arabica is becoming fairly well known abroad and certainly in Europe where the bulk of the green bean exports were destined. 

    Nestlé, which is the market leader and accounts for around 68% of the retail value of the coffee market in China, has been active in promoting internal production and obtains as much of its raw material requirements from local sources as it can. It has achieved very good market penetration and its Nescafé brand, including ready to serve coffee mixes, is widely available throughout China. 

    However, over the last ten years or so there has also been an explosion in the number of new American-style coffee bars opening up in all the major cities. Starbucks alone has opened more than 400 new shops in different cities throughout China since 1999 and other similar companies have also been expanding at the same rate. As a result coffee is acquiring a more modern image and is becoming a very popular beverage with the young. 

    Most of China’s coffee imports originate from countries in the region. Vietnam is the top supplier, accounting for 86% of gross imports of green coffee, Indonesia is second, Brazil third and Colombia fourth.  Both Brazil and Colombia have made significant investments in promoting their coffee in China.
    2009 Summary

    • Green bean imports 407,000 bags. Main suppliers Vietnam 296,000 bags; Indonesia 46,000 bags;  
    • Roasted imports 88,000 bags GBE – USA 35,000; EU 18,000 bags;  
    • Soluble imports 123,000 bags GBE from a variety of suppliers;  
    • Green bean exports 536,000 bags. Main destinations EU 329,000 bags; Japan 105,000 bags; South Korea 34,000 bags;  
    • Roasted coffee exports 5,000 bags GBE  
    • Soluble exports 26,000 bags GBE of which 13,000 bags to Ukraine. 



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