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  • Demand - Green coffee

     
     

    Coffee is one of the world’s most popular beverages. Gross imports of all types of coffee have quadrupled from 32.8 million bags in 1949 to 125.57 million bags in 2009 However, statistics on gross imports are a poor indicator of demand as they ignore re-exports. In 2009 re-exports accounted for some 35.27 million bags, although in the past they were not as important as they are today. Data on re-exports is not available prior to 1964 but the figure below shows the growth in gross exports since 1949 and in total net imports since 1963. Net imports reflect what is consumed in the country of importation plus any surplus that goes into inventories.


    2.1.3-en

    A more accurate indicator of consumption is provided by statistics on disappearance which take into account re-exports and changes in the level of stocks held in importing countries. The table below shows world gross imports, net imports, disappearance and inventories by form of coffee over the period 2004 - 2009.

    World Gross and net imports, disappearance and inventories by form of coffee:2004–2009 (million bags) 

      

    2004 

    2005 

    2006 

    2007 

    2008 

    2009 

    A.   Gross imports 

      115.7 

      116.3 

      121.6 

      126.4 

        129.0 

        125.6 

           Green 

        91.1 

        89.7 

        93.2 

        95.9 

          97.7 

          95.9 

           Roasted 

          9.4 

        10.9 

        12.3 

        12.8 

          13.8 

          13.1 

           Soluble  

        15.2 

        15.7 

        16.1 

        17.7 

          17.5 

          16.6 

    B.   Gross re-exports 

        27.0 

        28.9 

        30.6   

        32.9 

          35.6 

          35.3 

           Green 

          7.7 

          8.4 

          8.9 

          9.4 

          11.7 

          11.2 

           Roasted 

          8.8 

        10.2 

        11.5 

        12.4 

          13.5 

          13.3 

           Soluble  

        10.5 

        10.3 

        10.2  

        11.1 

          10.4 

          10.8 

    C.   Net Imports 

        88.7 

        87.4 

        91.0 

        93.5 

          93.4 

          90.3 

           Green 

        83.4 

        81.3 

        84.3 

        85.5 

          86.0 

          84.7 

           Roasted 

          0.6 

          0.7 

          0.8 

          0.4 

            0.3 

          - 0.2 

           Soluble  

          4.6 

          5.4 

          5.9 

          6.6 

            7.1 

            5.8 

    D.   Disappearance 

        89.0 

        88.2 

        90.1 

        93.0 

          93.9 

          91.3 

    E.    Inventories as at 31 

             December* 

        20.3 

        20.2 

        19.1 

        21.1 

         21.4 

          22.6 

    Source: ICO

    *comprises all stocks in consuming countries including stocks in free ports
     

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