• Conversions and statistics



    In accordance with internationally accepted practice, all quantity data on this website represent bags of 60 kg net (132.276 lb) green coffee or the equivalent thereof, i.e. GBE: green bean equivalent. Green coffee means all coffee in the naked bean form before roasting.

    The International Coffee Organization (ICO) (01.05) has agreed on the following conversion factors to convert different types of coffee to GBE*:

    • Dried cherry to green bean: multiply the net weight of the cherry by 0.5;
    • Parchment to green bean: multiply the net weight of the parchment by 0.8;
    • Decaffeinated green bean to green bean: multiply the net weight by 1.05;*
    • Roasted coffee to green bean**: multiply the net weight of the roasted coffee by 1.19;
    • Soluble coffee to green bean*: multiply the net weight of soluble coffee by 2.6;
    • Liquid coffee to green bean: multiply the net weight of the dried coffee solids contained in the liquid coffee by 2.6.

    *To be further reviewed in September 2011. **Applies equally to decaffeinated coffee.

    Alternatively, for statistical purposes: 60 kg green coffee represents:

    • 120 kg dried cherry
    • 75 kg parchment
    • 50.4 kg roasted coffee


    This website only provides a small number of the most important trend statistics. These are updated once a year, based on then available data. Visit www.ico.org for a wider, more detailed and more regularly updated selection, including coffee related data for individual coffee producing and consuming countries. The ICO site also provides details of current ICO membership, ICO activities and ICO publications.**

    A further important source of statistics information is found at the Foreign Agricultural Service of the United States Department of Agriculture at http://www.fas.usda.gov/commodities.asp - click on ‘coffee’.

    F O Licht’s International Coffee Report (bi-weekly publication) offers a continuous stream of coffee data and commentary, but by subscription only. The same company also offers an interactive database with search and report capability on some 180 countries, well suited for researchers. However, again by subscription only – go to www.agra-net.com for details.

    www.p-maps.org and www.trademap.org, also operated by the International Trade Centre, are excellent sources of trade information for many products, including coffee, that not only shows trade data but also the type and value of coffee imports into individual consumer countries. To access this service (updated annually) you will first have to register through the website.

    **ICO data are derived from Certificates of Origin and returns submitted by producing member countries, as well as information from consuming countries. Information from other sources such as government institutions often contains estimates that are subject to revision. Also, occasionally there are problems with some of the import data published elsewhere when, for example, quantities of soluble/roasted coffee are not converted but simply reported as green bean, there is double reporting and so on.

    As a result ICO data, both current and historical, is constantly being revised, a large and in fact never-ending task. But an important one because, in the end, the ICO’s database whilst not perfect certainly is the most detailed of all. The Coffee Guide on the other hand does not pretend to be a database and therefore only updates its data once a year, based on what is then available and including any changes that may have been made to data for previous years.

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